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Nobody wants to undergo a surgery, but many a times unfortunately and unexpectedly our health requires medical intervention in the form of a surgery.

Laparoscopic Surgery is a modern technique for treating patients who require an abdominal surgery.

Although surgeries are troublesome, but medical advancement has reduced a lot of risk associated with patient’s life, symptoms and pain. Over the last few decades, this surgery has replaced traditional methods of operations and has made it easy for the patients. Laparoscopic surgery ensures faster recovery than open surgery and also cosmetically better, with smaller scars.

Under this kind of surgery, the abdominal cavity is first filled with carbon dioxide to provide a clear view of the organs and proper examination of the abdominal and pelvic cavities. Then, a tube that has a tiny camera called a Laparoscope and surgical instruments are inserted in the body through small cuts to see the inside of the cavities and determine the issue. Thereafter, the surgeon performs the operation. The tiny camera keeps displaying live images of the procedure being undertaken, on the connected monitor.

Laparoscopic surgeries are most commonly performed for removal of the Gall Bladder (stones in the Gall Bladder), repair of Epigastric or Inguinal Hernias, removal of Appendix or Bariatric (weight loss) surgery. Complicated conditions like abdominal cancer can also be safely treated through Laparoscopic surgery.

Benefits :-
  • 1. Smaller Cuts: A traditional surgery involves cuts that range from 4 - 10 inches whereas in Laparoscopic surgery the cuts are just 5mm - 10mm.
  • 2. Less blood loss: Since the incisions are small, the blood loss is limited making these surgeries preferable by the doctors.
  • 3. Less pain. Since the incisions are small, there is far less pain as compared to traditional surgery, making it preferable both by the doctors and the patients.
  • 4. Reduced risk of Infection: Since the incisions are small, there is reduced risk of contamination of other internal organs of the body.
  • 5. Quicker recovery: The hospitalization lasts just for a day or two, and in certain cases the patient can even be sent home the same day. The person returns to his normal functioning swiftly, which is a wonderful thing.
Risks :-
  • 1. Anaesthetic complications: Every surgery carries the potential for anaesthetic complications.
  • 2. Surgical complications: Every surgery carries the potential for surgical complications.

However, with adequate precaution the possibilities of such complications come down drastically.

Remember :-

Always keep your surgeon updated about your progress.
Do not miss appointments.
Take all medicines on time.
Follow all instructions diligently, for speedy recovery.
In case of any unusual sign/ symptom like excessive pain or fever etc., do not panic and contact your doctor immediately.

According to Dr. Pradeep Goyal, Consultant Laparoscopic Surgeon at Shri Balmukund Apex Hospital, Laparoscopic surgery is a boon for the society as the patient returns to his normal lifestyle in no time, making it easier for him / her as well as the relatives / attendants at home.


Dr. Pradeep Goyal

M.S, FMAS, Ex Registrar IGMC Shimla